No doubt the Greeks wanted their freedom from the very beginning of the Ottoman rule, but in the 18th century the idea of a free Greece grew into an organised plan. With Russian help a revolt started in 1770, which failed. Inspired by the French revolution and the heroic poems (thourios) of Rigas Feraios, the Greeks did not give up, and the secret society Philiki Eteria ("Friendly Union") was founded in 1814 in Odessa , Russia by Nikolaos Skoufas, Emmanuel Xanthos and Antonios Tsakalof. Weapons and funds were collected, and help was sent from Greeks in exile as well as other countries on the Balkan and the Mediterranean sea.
The revolution started when Alexander Ypsilantis invaded Jassy and declared Greece a free country. In the Peloponnese the Archbishop of Patras Paleon Patron Germanos led the uprising in 23 March 1821 The Greek army of the Peloponese was led by Theodoros Kolokotronis. Other famous Greek leaders of the revoloution were Georgios Karaiskakis, Athanassios Diakos, Odysseas Androutsos, Grigorios Dikaios or Papaflessas, while in the seas, Konstantinos Kanaris, Laskarina Bouboulina and Andreas Miaoulis fought the Turkish fleat.
The Greeks may have got certain aid from abroad, but they had to fight on their own. The Turks got help from Egypt and the whole of the Peloponnese was captured by the Egyptian army by 1826. The year after, a republic was proclaimed, and Ioannis Kapodistrias was declared as the first governor of Greece. The same year European countries decided to help Greece and after failed negotiations with Turkey, Britain, France and Russia sent naval forces to Greece. Turkey was forced to accept peace, and the so called London Protocol declared the independence of Greece in 1830.Many parts of Greece were soon given back to the Ottoman empire, though, and several parts of Greece were not free until the beginning of the 20th century. The Greek uprising gained international sympathy for Greece and drew the attention of the three great powers: France, Russia, and the United Kingdom. Years of negotiations led to these three nations sending their own navies to Greece to intervene.
Lord Byron saw Greece as the home of classical art and literature, and thus held it in high regard for its legacy. Byron's present-day world showed him a country occupied by a foreign power and in need of assistance. Combining his reverence for the classical world with his passion for human freedom and individuality, Byron felt compelled to offer what aid he could to the Greeks in their struggle against the Ottoman Turks. At first, Byron primarily provided monetary support; however, this would not prove a strong enough response for the adventurous Byron. He made plans to join the Greek navy and lead men into battle. Unfortunately for the poet and would-be freedom fighter, Byron became ill and died of an infection before he could engage the enemy personally.