An abortion is the termination of a pregnancy before the fetus is viable, or capable of living outside the womb. An abortion may be spontaneous or induced. The latter is an act with ethical and legal ramifications.Spontaneous abortion occurs when the embryo fails to develop, when there is complete or incomplete expulsion of the products of conception - the embryo or fetus and placenta - or when the fetus dies prior to 20 weeks from the woman's last menstrual period (LMP). Induced abortion is a procedure intended to terminate a suspected or known pregnancy and to produce a non-viable fetus at any age. Although discouraged by most religions, induced abortion has been practised in every culture since ancient times.
During the 19th century several countries passed laws prohibiting abortion to protect women from the dangerous methods then in use. Today about half of the world's people live in countries where abortion is available on request and another fourth live in areas where abortion is permitted to protect the woman's health. The most restrictive policies tend to be found in fundamentalist Islamic countries and countries of sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America. In the USA legal induced abortion was generally unavailable until 1970 when a few states legalised their abortion laws. Early in 1973, the U.S. Supreme Court declared most restrictive abortion laws unconstitutional because they violated the woman's right of privacy.
Opponents of legalised induced abortion believe that human life begins at conception and that abortion is the intentional killing of a human being and is thus morally wrong. Members of the Right to Life movement have lobbied for a constitutional amendment on the rights of the unborn child. The counterpart to this position is the "pro-choice" stance. Its proponents generally believe that human life begins when the fetus can survive outside the womb and that before then - since the fetus is not a separate human - it is morally acceptable to terminate the pregnancy. They argue that legal abortion is safer than illegal abortion and relieves the psychological and social problems associated with bearing an unwanted child.
The Greek Orthodox Church recognises and celebrates the beginning of life in the womb and considers induced abortion a crime since God gave life and only He can take it back. However, God also gave us free will and I believe that it's a woman's undeniable right to decide whether or not she will give birth to an unwanted child.